Farmer’s Almanac is calling for an extra chilly winter on the farm. While you’re breaking out the long johns, stocking caps and gloves, what are you doing to prepare your bottle calves for the coldest time of the year?
As temperatures dip below 50 degrees Fahrenheit, bottle calves can experience cold stress. By planning now, you can help your calves transition to winter with ease.
1. Provide a clean, dry environment
Proper bedding is one way to ensure bottle calves are equipped to handle dropping temperatures.
Take extra care to maintain bedding when the weather shifts. Mixing wood shavings and straw can help keep bottle calves dry and clean. Adding a layer of sawdust or sand underneath bedding is another option to help absorb moisture and protect calves from the cold ground.
Stock up on bedding to ensure you have plenty on hand, especially if you are raising bottle calves in an extra snowy or cold location. Calf jackets are another way to help bottle calves regulate their body temperature in cold weather.
Calf jackets serve as a barrier between the calf and wet bedding or cold air, which means the calf can focus on growing rather than staying warm. Remember to adjust jacket straps as the calf grows so the jacket fits well.
2. Prepare for the arrival of new calves
Whether you’re calving on your farm or buying calves, have a plan in place for the arrival of new bottle calves.
If you plan to calve on your farm, keep colostrum replacer on hand to help ensure a newborn calf gets off to a strong start.
A colostrum replacer should be fed when a newborn calf is unable to nurse or when maternal colostrum is unavailable. Keep in mind colostrum should be bottle fed to a newborn calf within two hours after birth – when the calf’s intestines are best equipped to absorb these critical nutrients.
If you buy calves and transport them to your farm, make sure the calf’s transition is a smooth as possible.
Electrolytes are a great option to help keep calves hydrated. Consider using electrolytes during other periods of stress like after transport, temperature fluctuations, environment changes, dehorning, vaccination or weaning.
3. Calf Milk Replacer: Offer extra calories
In cold weather, bottle calves’ energy demands increase requiring them to consume more calories.
Choose a calf milk replacer specifically formulated for calves, and consider adding a third milk replacer feeding when conditions call for it. If you’re unable to add a third feeding, you can increase the volume of calf milk replacer you feed at a time.
Bottle calves thrive on routine, so when raising bottle calves it’s best to feed them milk at the same time every day, preferably morning and evening.
For weaned calves, make sure you’re still supplementing additional calories through starter grain and hay.
4. Maintain a fresh, clean water source
Fresh, clean water is crucial for calf development.
Calves on milk should receive fresh water after each feeding. For weaned calves, check their water source often to make sure it doesn’t freeze.
If you don’t have heated waterers, heated water buckets or water heaters are options to prevent water from freezing. Use extra caution to ensure cords are out of reach for your calves.
As the weather turns colder and you start wearing more clothes to stay warm, keep your bottle calves in mind. Remember, calves can experience cold stress as temperatures drop below 50 degrees Fahrenheit. By managing calf housing, preparing for new calves, offering extra calories and fresh water, you can help keep calves growing and healthy.